What infrastructure do mobile transport robots require?

For those considering the implementation of an Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) system, a common question arises regarding the compatibility of mobile transport robots with existing infrastructure.
The answer: Typically, if your warehouse can accommodate forklifts, it can also support transport robots without issue.
Essentially, our AGVs require the following basic prerequisites:

Power supply

Modern transport robots are powered by lithium-ion batteries, which require regular charging to prevent deep discharging. A standard industrial power supply is all that’s needed to operate their charging stations.


Floor condition

For reliable operation, mobile robots require a floor that is as level and clean as possible and provides good traction. Inclines can be managed up to a certain degree by the robots. However, if the floor is heavily soiled, has potholes, or features grid or bristle surfaces, safe and reliable operation may be compromised.


A level and clean floor with good traction is an important basis for the reliable use of mobile transport robots (Image: © SAFELOG).

Wi-Fi coverage

Our AGVs operate as a coordinated swarm via the SAFELOG IntelliAgent fleet manager. This system controls route planning, order allocation, and load management efficiently and without fail, all without a central control station. A stable and seamless Wi-Fi network is essential in the robots’ operational area. If another fleet management system is used, it will also require WLAN communication with the transport robots.


Aisle widths

Aisle widths should be determined by the type and size of goods being transported. In most industrial settings, aisles are typically wide enough to accommodate pallets easily. Thus, aisle width is rarely a limiting factor.


The width of the aisles is determined by the type and dimensions of the goods to be transported and is only a limiting factor in exceptional cases (Image: © SAFELOG).


The use of mobile transport robots does not place any special requirements on your infrastructure. The criteria mentioned are basic requirements in the industry, as described in the guideline “VDI 2510 – Infrastructure and peripheral installations for Automated Guided Vehicle Systems (AGVs)”.